Mosquito Facts: Moquito Lesson 101

This is an Aedes albopictus female mosquito obtaining a blood meal from a human host.
This is an Aedes albopictus female mosquito obtaining a blood meal from a human host.

 

It’s the beginning of mosquito season and time to start treatments to prevent populations from getting heavy and ruining your outdoor enjoyment. NWA Ladybug Pest Control. provides a safe, comprehensive mosquito management program that targets the adult mosquitoes and their larvae. We also provide information on mosquitoes and ways to help further prevent the chances of getting bitten. Below are some answers to our most frequently asked questions about mosquitoes:

 

 

What do we need to know about Zika in the US?

The mosquito species capable of spreading Zika are common in the southeastern states. This includes the Yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti) and the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus). There have been several cases of Zika reported in the U.S. but so far these cases involved the person traveling overseas. For the most up-to-date information on Zika, visit the Center for Disease Control website.

What is the mosquito life cycle?

Adult female mosquitoes lay eggs in or near stagnate water, or in low-lying areas that may eventually flood. The larvae (called “wrigglers” because they are the little wriggly things you see in small pools of water) hatch and develop underwater. They feed on organic material in the water and eventually pupate (go into the pupa stage). The pupae are sometimes called “tumblers” because they tumble around just under the surface of the water. The adult mosquitoes develop inside the pupae and emerge on the surface of the water and fly away but stay close to the breeding sites. This whole process can take less than a week to complete. Adult males and females mainly feed on nectar from flowers, but females need to obtain a blood meal to produce her eggs.

How are mosquito bites different for a human vs. other animals like pets?

Although some animals have thick fur and hair, mosquitoes still can bite them in areas that are not protected by hair, such as the nose, ears, stomach and other areas. And similar to you, your cat or dog also finds mosquito bites very itchy and the bitten area may swell and get an infection if it is constantly scratched and not treated properly. Mosquitoes can also transmit dog heartworm.

Consult your veterinarian for ways to treat mosquito bites on your pets and for medication to prevent contracting heartworm.

 

NWA Ladybug Pest Control provides this FREE website to keep you informed on pests in your area. You can help keep this free site alive simply by sharing and leaving your comments. Thanks

 

RELATED ARTICLES:

  1. How to Get Rid of Fire Ants
  2. How to Get Rid of Yellow Jackets
  3. Risks of Pesticides

 

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How to Get Rid of Fire Ants

HOW TO GET RID OF FIRE ANTS

Figuring out how to get rid of red fire ants – or any other types of fire ants – can seem daunting when you first discover ant mounds in your yard. While there are a few species of fire ants native to the United States, troublemaking ants are typically either red imported fire ants (RIFA), black imported fire ants (BIFA) or a hybrid of these two species. It is important to note that how to get rid of fire ants in the yard is not the same as how to get rid of fire ants in the house. There are methods that can be used outdoors that would not be safe indoors.

RIFA and BIFA are more active in the late spring to early fall months. Experts suggest that the best times of year for fire ant treatments are during those seasons. However, individual mounds can be treated throughout the year if they become problematic. The list of what kills fire ants is a long one, but outside of calling a professional, there is no “best way to kill fire ants.”

When it comes to fire ant control, there are a couple of popular choices, including baits, mound drench products and dust insecticides.

Baits are slow-acting when compared to other treatment methods, and can take months to reach the desired result. However, they do typically achieve 80 to 90 percent fire ant control. Most baits are corn grits treated with pesticide. Foraging ants take the tainted food back to their colony, where it is eaten by the queen and other ants. Some result in the queen becoming infertile, while others kill her and the colony. Using baits for fire ant removal is a low-toxicity option, as the baits are spread over a wide area.

Mound drenches involve pouring a liquid pesticide directly onto the fire ant hill. The liquid penetrates the belowground levels of the mound, killing the ants inside after a few hours. Once applied, these products leave only traces of residue on the surface.

Dust or granule control methods vary slightly in how they get rid of fire ants. Dusts, which leave a surface residue, are merely sprinkled over a mound and left to work their magic. Granules, on the other hand, require water to activate. Once granules have been applied on and around the mound, several gallons of water typically need to be slowly poured over them to activate.

Most experts advocate using what they call the Two-Step method for fire ant infestations that cover larger areas. This involves first applying fire ant bait to the entire affected area, and following it up with a treatment of the individual mounds. Bait should be reapplied several times a year, and individual mounds can be treated as they appear.

It is important to note that many of the products available to homeowners are different and may not be as effective as those available to licensed pest management professionals. Additionally, while you may be able to treat for fire ants in your yard, treating fire ants indoors is often difficult and requires the use of different products entirely. The improper use of pesticides can be dangerous. You should keep children and pets away from these products at all times.

If you have been asking yourself, “How do I get rid of fire ants,” it’s time to call a pest management professional to discuss your options for fire ant removal.

How to Treat or Better still, AVOID Fire Ant Stings

Here are things you need to know to identify, prevent and treat fire ant stings.

While it’s important to know how to get rid of fire ants, here’s what you need to know to identify, prevent and treat fire ant stings or bites.

How can I identify fire ants?

Worker fire ants are the only kind of fire ants that sting. Red imported fire ant workers are 1/8- to 1/4-inch long, reddish-brown and black. They have two nodes and 10-segmented antennae with a two-segmented club. Once you identify the fire ant or another type of ant that’s invading your home or yard, you can take the proper steps to get rid of them.

Why do fire ants sting?

fire ant closeup

Fire ants sting to defend their mounds (nests) from invaders. When their mound is disturbed, many fire ants rush outside and climb on whatever is disturbing the mound. They firmly grasp skin with their jaws and then sting and inject the venom.

How do I identify fire ant stings or bites?

To identify fire ant stings, look for these symptoms:

  • Pain (intense burning sensation), redness, itching and swelling at the site of the fire ant sting.
  • A painful raised bump that becomes a pus-filled blister (pustule) in 6 to 24 hours and lasts for up to 10 days. The pustules may become infected.

Fire ants cause severe, life-threatening reactions in people who are allergic to them. Texas A&M says to watch for these symptoms of a severe allergic reaction:

  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Low blood pressure
  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain

A severe allergic reaction can lead to death. If you experience symptoms of an allergic reaction, seek immediate medical attention.

What treatment do I need for a fire ant bite?

The CDC lays out a few steps for how to treat fire ant bites or stings:

  • Rub the ants off skin briskly using your sleeve or gloved hand (they will attach to your skin with their jaws).
  • Antihistamines, pain relievers and cold packs can help relieve the discomfort.
  • Seek emergency medical treatment immediately if you experience chest pain, nausea, severe sweating, loss of breath, serious swelling or slurred speech.

What if my pet is stung by fire ants?

If your dog, cat or other pet gets a fire ant sting, move it away from the area to prevent further bites. Brush the fire ants off your dog or cat with downward strokes, using your sleeve, a towel or gloves. Do NOT use water to remove fire ants. Water makes the fire ants clamp down more firmly. The face, paws, legs and belly are most vulnerable to fire ant stings, so start removing the ants there. If your pet has been stung, or you think it has been stung, take it to a veterinarian.

Be sure to observe your pet for these symptoms of allergic reaction:

  • Drooling
  • Panting
  • Difficulty walking
  • Hives
  • Swelling (often involving the face and/or paws)
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures or tremors
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Refusal to eat and/or drink
  • Lethargy

How can I avoid fire ant stings?

The best way to prevent fire ant stings is to pay attention to your surroundings. People are likely to get stung when they are:

  • Posing for photographs
  • Talking
  • Picking up food off the ground
  • Sleeping on the ground (even in a tent or sleeping bag)
  • Sitting around a campfire
  • Gardening

To avoid fire ant bites or stings:

  • Don’t disturb or stand on or near a fire ant mound.
  • Be very careful where you park a wheelchair or stroller, and don’t put babies or baby carriers on the ground for very long.
  • Wear boots or tuck your pant legs into your socks to protect your legs.
  • Use insect repellent (DEET or Picaridin) on your shoes and clothes.
  • If you get attacked by fire ants, leave the area immediately. Brush off the fire ants with gloved hands, your sleeve or a cloth.
  • Do NOT try to rinse fire ants off with water. Doing so will make them hold on more tightly and sting you in another place.
  • Remove your clothing, shoes and socks immediately. Shake everything out and inspect carefully for fire ants. They can stay hidden for hours.
  • Control ants where they occur in your yard.

Know that you know, you can more carefully prevent fire ant stings. But in the event that you do get stung, you have methods to treat the sting.

Don’t Let Summer Pests Get in the Way

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Don’t Let Summer Pests Get in the Way

Summertime pests can put a real damper on fun in the sun for people living here in NW Arkansas and the surrounding areas. As the heat rises, more and more of these creepy crawlers catch your eye at softball games, picnics and even in your own backyard. Are they ALL dangerous? The answer is no, not all. However, bites from most common pests in the area can leave a red, itchy or irritated mark or bump on the skin, and there is the possibility of diseases being transmitted. Avoiding these pests by educating yourself and using the techniques described below, can prevent discomfort and save your outdoor plans this summer.

Wasps, Bees & Hornets Wasp 

Wasps, bees, yellow jackets and hornets can become a threat to food stores or homes in NWA  if the aggressive types of the species begin to rely on people as a source for food. Controlling and managing the situation starts by first determining the species of the infestation – i.e. wasps, bees, stinging insects? Once identified, the pest and its swarm can be removed and further infestations prevented with treatment.

Fleas & Ticks

Fleas Ticks are found outdoors, in parks and in the woods. They are blood-feeders and hosts include both humans and animals. Fleas are more prominent outdoors and attack animals mainly, causing an intense itch and discomfort from their bites.

Fleas and ticks can migrate indoors when attached to a pet, and this can cause a host of problems for the household. Getting rid of fleas and ticks starts at the vet’s office, where a diagnosis and treatment are provided.

In conjunction with treating your pet, it will be necessary to clean your home and affected areas extensively, and talk to a local pest control expert about treatment and future prevention.

Mosquitoes & Common House Flies 

Mosquitoes Pesky mosquitoes and flies can be found in open areas outdoors, such as parks, fields, forests, parking lots and backyards. They can also live in your home and cause quite a nuisance. Mosquitoes are attracted to higher levels of moisture on patios, hot tubs or other wet areas.

Treating resting sites for these insects, and implementing moisture control in problem areas to remove moisture and prevent future infestation is available by your local pest professionals.

Prevention has become a priority with outbreaks such as the Zika virus.

How to Steer Clear of Summertime Pests

Pests have an exceptional sense of smell, and this helps them target their preferred hosts. Bites can result in itchy rashes, spots and pain. Some may also carry diseases which, at times, may be life-threatening, such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and West Nile Virus to name a few.

Some proven prevention and avoidance methods to practice include: Generously applying and re-applying proper insect repellent before spending time outdoors. Wearing long socks, long sleeves, long pants and a hat or scarf when camping or in the woods. Checking your head and body thoroughly for tick and other insect bites when returning from the outdoors.

Quick removal of ticks is important in disease prevention. Using repellent torches or candles on your porch and at outdoor events, as instructed on the directions, is recommended.

Taking a proactive approach to pest prevention and management can decrease your risk of running into unwanted insects while soaking up sun and family fun. NWA Ladybug Pest Control can help take care of your unwanted pests this summer. Call 682.557.6743  for a free pest inspection.

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